The end-of-semester survey asked questions about their experiences in the statistics course.Students in study-affiliated sections of the statistics course took a final exam that included a set of items that was identical across all the participating sections at that campus.The individual campuses include, from the State University of New York (SUNY): the University at Albany and SUNY Institute of Technology; from the University of Maryland: the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, and Towson University; and from the City University of New York (CUNY): Baruch College and City College.
The data indicate that the randomization worked properly in that traditional- and hybrid-format students in fact have very similar characteristics overall.
It is important to recognize that “online learning” comes in a dizzying variety of flavors, ranging from simply videotaping lectures and posting them online for anytime access, to uploading materials such as syllabi, homework assignments, and tests to the Internet, all the way to highly sophisticated interactive learning systems that use cognitive tutors and take advantage of multiple feedback loops.
Online learning can be used to teach many kinds of subjects to different populations in diverse institutional settings.
Also, student consent was required in order for researchers to randomly assign them to the traditional or hybrid format.
Not surprisingly, some students who were able to make the paired time slots elected not to participate in the study.