Reasons for divorce vary, from sexual incompatibility or lack of independence for one or both spouses to a personality clash.
The Vatican City is an ecclesiastical state, which has no procedure for divorce.
Divorce, also known as dissolution of marriage, is the termination of a marriage or marital union, the canceling or reorganizing of the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage, thus dissolving the bonds of matrimony between a married couple under the rule of law of the particular country or state.
Divorce laws vary considerably around the world, but in most countries divorce requires the sanction of a court or other authority in a legal process, which may involve issues of alimony (spousal support), child custody, child visitation / access, parenting time, child support, distribution of property, and division of debt.
In such a divorce the spouses are not able to agree on issues for instance child custody and division of marital assets.
In such situations, the litigation process takes longer to conclude.
The effect of a divorce is that both parties are free to marry again if a filing in an appellate court does not overturn the decision.
Contested divorces mean that one of several issues are required to be heard by a judge at trial level—this is more expensive, and the parties will have to pay for a lawyer's time and preparation.
This principle in the United States is called 'Alternative Dispute Resolution' and has gained popularity.In Europe, divorce laws differ from country to country, reflecting differing legal and cultural traditions.In some countries, particularly (but not only) in some former communist countries, divorce can be obtained only on one single general ground of "irretrievable breakdown of the marriage" (or a similar formulation).Yet, what constitutes such a "breakdown" of the marriage is interpreted very differently from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, ranging from very liberal interpretations (e.g.Netherlands) Separation constitutes a ground of divorce in some European countries (in Germany, e.g., a divorce is granted on the basis of a 1-year separation if both spouses consent, or 3-year separation if only one spouse consents).
The liberalization of divorce laws is not without opposition, particularly in the United States.